• A map of a seamount in the Arctic Ocean created by NOAA's Office of Coast Survey by gathering data with a multibeam echo sounder.

    Wissenschaftliche

    Meeresforschung

    Scientific

    Research

  • Colorful nudibranch (Shell-less mollusk) at Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctury.

    Marine

    Lebensräume

    Marine

    Habitats

  • Juvenile green sea turtle underneath the Midway Island Pier in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

    Marine

    Lebensräume

    Marine

    Habitats

  • Pacific Ring of Fire Expedition. White chimneys at Champagne vent site, NW Eifuku volcano. The chimneys are ~20 cm (8 in) across and ~50 cm (20 in) high, venting fluids at 103§C (217§F). Notice the bubbles in the upper left side of the image. Mariana Arc region, Western Pacific Ocean. April, 2004.

     

    Hydrothermal-
    quellen

     

    Hydrothermal
    Vents

  • Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm.

    Offshore

    Windenergie

    Offshore

    Wind Energy

  • Iron and silica rich chimneys on the summit of Giggenbach volcano are evidence of warm springs that were active at this site in the past. New Zealand, Kermadec Arc. April 18, 2005.

    Mineralische

    Meeresressourcen

    Mineral

    Resources

  • East Coast of Scotland at a spot called Pease Bay.

     

    Meeresschutz-
    gebiete

     

    Marine Protected Areas

  • An iceberg captured on camera during a 30-day mission in 2012 to map areas of the Arctic aboard the NOAA Ship Fairweather.

    Arktis

    Antarktis

    Arctic

    Antarctic

  • Pacific Ring of Fire Expedition. A close up view of tubeworms at a seafloor hot spring on Daikoku volcano. These animals only live at hydrothermal vents. Mariana Arc region, Western Pacific Ocean. April, 2004.

     

    Hydrothermal-
    quellen

     

    Hydrothermal Vents

  • With NOAA's predicted, real-time, and forecasted currents, people can safely dock and undock ships, maneuver them in confined waterways, and safely navigate through coastal waters. This helps to avoid ship collisions or delay the arrival of goods.

     

    Seeverkehr

    Maritime

    Shipping

Green Innovations and IPR Management

Table of Contents

Introduction. 

Part I: Green Intellectual Property Rights.

A. Green Patents.
 
1. Legal Aspects of Green Patents; E. L. Lane (IP Lawyer). 

B. Green Trademarks

2. Legal Aspects of Green Trademarks;I. Kirchner-Freis, A. Kirchner (MLS Legal). 
3. Best Practice: Eco-Label with Brand Character: Reliable Product Labelling of Type I According to ISO; S. Heutling, I. Oehme (Umweltbundesamt). 
4. Nordic Ecolabelling: An Introduction; R. Unge (Eco-labelling Sweden). 

C. Green Designs / Eco-Design.
 
5. Legal Aspects of Designs; M. Schötelburg, J. Pinkowski (Europäische Union, Harmonisierungsamt für den Binnenmarkt). 
6. Best Practice: Developing Environmentally Friendly Products: Potentials and Challenges of Eco-Design; S. Zhao, K. Rath, H. Birkhofer (Universität Darmstadt, Institute of Product Development and Machine Elements). 

Part II: Exploiting Green Innovations.

A. Technology Transfer and Licensing.
 
7. Technology Transfer and Licensing; I. Kirchner-Freis, A. Kirchner (MLS Legal)

B. IPR Management

8. IP Charta as a Guideline for a Sustainable IPR Management; K. Uckel (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung). 
9. IPR Management and Technology Transfer; G. Caratti (Europäische Kommission, Joint Research Centre), H. Kebapci (Europäische Kommission). 
10. Alternative Approaches to IPR Management; I. Kirchner-Freis, A. Kirchner (MLS Legal). 

Part III: Green Economy

11. Resource Regimes and Resource-Monitoring as New Instruments of a Sustainable Resource Management; G.Müller-Christ (Universität Bremen). 
12. International Climate Change and Technology Transfer: General Framework and Recent Developments; L. Schiano di Pepe (Universität Genua). 
13. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships and Technology Transfer; X. Hinrichs Oyarce (Internationaler Seegerichtshof). 
14. Green IT; I. Richter (BITKOM). 

Part IV: Initiatives to Support Green Innovations.
15. UNEP-EPO-ICTSD Patents and Clean Energy Technology Project; B. Simmons (United Nations Environment Program, Green Growth Knowledge Platform Secretariat), A. Abdel Latif (International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development), K. Karachalios (Europäisches Patentamt). 
16. WIPO Green: The Sustainable Technology Exchange; A. von der Ropp (World Intellectual Property Organization).